Розробка організаційно-технічних та нормативно-методичних засад створення інтегрованих систем енергопостачання з розосередженою генерацією та активним споживачем на основі принципів мультиагентного керування

Ключеві слова
Енергетика та енергоефективність

The dynamic growth of energy consumption , further assurance requirements for power quality and reliability of electricity supply needs of Ukraine in accordance with the concept of Smart Grid, which is commonly included in the practice of upgrading the electricity leading countries.

Aim and objectives : improving the reliability , quality and efficiency of power supply to consumers through modernization of electrical networks based on innovative technologies for converting them into smart core technology infrastructure power with maximum use of capacity management and demand generation for electric power and energy and means of distributed generation.
Suggested use of mathematical modeling and prediction of energy consumption, methods of fuzzy mathematics.
It is supposed to develop methods to attract the available data obtained from individual nodes on channels metering for modeling modes of distribution networks in kvazirealnomu time.
Requires creation methodology and algorithms for determining the performance characteristics of the types of alternative energy sources , taking into account the uncertainty information.
To ensure the efficient use of energy required to form a rational method of multi- choice and placement of distributed generation sources parameters defining the structure of virtual stations.
The method of surgical management of the complex sources of electricity and heat using heuristic algorithms resource allocation .
Envisaged the introduction of modern energy developed in the electronics, information technology and the creation of accumulating devices designed to simplify the process of accession to the low-power system grid ( or under certain circumstances, be autonomous ). It is possible to speak of the need to improve the ability of the network to adapt to fluctuations and peak power.
In terms of a single network information management systems are solved the problem:
- Integration of all types of generation (including small generation) and all types of consumers ( from households to large industry ) for situational control demand for their services and to ensure their participation in the grid;
- Changes in real-time parameters and network topology on the current regime conditions , except for the emergence and development of the accidents;
- Expansion of market opportunities through peer infrastructure to provide a wide range of services and market infrastructure entities ;
- Minimizing losses , expanding self-diagnosis and self-healing in order to ensure proper power supply reliability and power quality ;
- Integration of network and information infrastructure to create a system mode control electrical distribution networks with full-scale information provision .
Problems are solved creation methodology to attract the available data for modeling modes of distribution networks , selecting locations , options and modes of distributed generation sources , methods of operative management of energy sources , efficient use of power electronics devices .

The novelty of innovation
Creation of integrated power systems with dispersed generation and active customer on the basis of multi-agent control is carried out by leading companies in the U.S. , Europe , South Korea , Australia, in particular , to address such institutions as the U.S. Department of Energy , European Commission , EPRI, NREL, IEEE, European Alliance energy Research , European Industrial initiative .
In Ukraine, the existing analogue proposed development there. The need for development is confirmed by the fact that the integrated power system with dispersed generation and active customer on the basis of multi-agent control (including domestic properties) are widely sold in all countries.
An important feature of electrical distribution networks that distinguishes them from the power systems is impossible in the short term to cover the totality of its numerous components and consumer measurement system that would allow to get comprehensive information about the mode settings in real time. Additional difficulties in terms of information provision and create alternative sources that are actively integrated into the electrical system . Their operating parameters strongly depend on many unpredictable factors such as meteorological nature. Therefore, an important condition for ensuring the adequacy of the simulated objects and processes of the electricity sector is based on objective uncertainty existing information.